Once Upon a Time in the 'Stan Winston Shop'

The creative genius of mastermind Stan Winston and his enthusiastic gang of young Special Makeup and 
Creature FX Designers intensively assisted in the birth of the Terminator phenomenon.
An iconic cyborg shattered the door of Stan's Shop, stomped out and took the world by storm.
The small money TERMINATOR became a box-office smash.
Something really special must have happened in the Stan Winston Shop...

Stan Winston working on a clay duplicate of the life cast he took from Arnold Schwarzenegger.
With the help of some photographs of Arnold he improves the intricacies of the sculpture.
Several of these 'life mask' busts were needed to design the various puppet heads.

Starting on the sculptures (from left to right): Tom Woodruff, Brian Wade and Shane Mahan.
Tom Rosengrant is the guy looking into the camera (red shirt).
Brian, what can you tell us about your work for the show?
Brian Wade:'I was a designer and sculptor on Terminator. 
I created Arnold's brow pieces when he gets his eyebrows burned off. 
I also created the sculpture for the puppet head of Arnold when he is driving the truck. 
There are some shots cut together with that puppet head of Arnold in an appliance makeup. 
But, you can tell the difference between them. 
I think the puppet head worked better in those shots. 
I also sculpted the torso, rib-cage, back, and shoulder blades on the full sized T-800 Terminator robot. 
The shot of everyone working on an Arnold head is when Shane, myself, and Tom each came up with a design 
for the Terminator robot's head. 
We were just starting on the sculptures in that shot.'
Cameron and Stan selected the best elements of all concepts for the final design of the Terminator puppets.
Brian Wade sculpts a beat-up version of Schwarzenegger's face (clay bust).
Brian had the chance to work with makeup FX heavyweights like Stan Winston, Dick Smith, Rob Bottin or Rick Baker 
during his still active career ('BWFX') on small cult movies and major boxoffice events. 
Check out his Facebook page and take a look here: House.
Special thanks to Brian Wade for his valuable help on my Terminator story.
Sculpture of Brian Wade with exposed cyborg underpinnings. 
The sculpt was molded and made into a foam rubber appliance.
A puppet head design for the gasoline tanker truck crash scene and closeups in the truck cab.
Brian sculpted damaged areas and texture into a Schwarzenegger sculpture for the tanker truck scene.
Several prosthetics, plastic and foam rubber appliances were needed for a corresponding makeup on 
Arnold Schwarzenegger, showing the underlying metallic endoskeleton of the Terminator.
'Chromed' cyborg elements (vacumformed plastic shells surrounded with foam appliances) and multiple lacerations.
John Rosengrant sculpted Arnolds torn face makeup. 
Brian sculpted the brow covers to make it look like his eyebrows burned off.
Arnie meeting his 'stunt double' puppet.
Terminator mask waiting for the hair and final coloring. The cyborg eye section was carved in by Tom Woodruff.
Shane Mahan working on the perfect coloring for the cyborg eye socket.
The hair grows fast in Stan's shop ...due to the chemical fumes?
A cable controlled and fully articulated puppet head was needed for the scenes when the Cyborg removed his 
damaged human eye.
Shane Mahan and John Rosengrant checking the cyborg eye on set.
Is this Arnold Schwarzenegger or a puppet driving the truck? Great makeup!
Different puppet heads were required for the ocular surgery scene. 
Here we see the excellent sculpted 'open eye' puppet with the damaged human eye.
Put some fingers on the right places and it will look as if the fingers propping it open.
John Rosengrant (photo) and Shane Mahan apllied the Cyborg eye makeup.
Designing the prosthetics and makeup for the open wound on the arm of the Terminator.
In the middle you can see the muscle-bound hollow duplicate of the arm of Arnold Schwarzenegger. 
The arm operation scene. Stan Winston makes a few final corrections. Brian Wade sculpted the appliance on Arnolds forearm.
The Cyborg mechanism was housed in the lifelike prosthetic arm duplicate of Arnold Schwarzenegger. 
The hollow hand was like a glove. 
Shane Mahan and John Rosengrant try to get the small hand of a young girl into the glove.
She will move the big fingers of the Terminator.
The T-800 operates on itself. A little oil would help!
Head puppet and prosthetic arms for the operation scenes in the 'Cyborg Repair shop'.
The scene requires some trickery. 
Schwarzenegger was standing out of frame holding the sunglasses ...and the scalpel in the eye operation scene.
Please excuse the modest quality ...some 35mm slides were probably not kept well over the last 30 years.
The trickery behind the eye operation scene. 
This is Arnolds hand holding the scalpel. Another muscle-man hand was required for the scene. 
He placed his fingers on the gelatin eye to give the illusion that the Terminator was propping it open.
The puppet head was operated by Stans boys.
An early 'propping the open eye' test with a puppet head. It looks awesome and works fine.
Scroll back a bit. In advance I've already shown you a picture of the finished puppet head for the scene.
The Cyborg eye.
Head puppet for the eye operations scene.
Movie scene with the cable operated head puppet. I like the fly! Different full-scale mechanical replicas of Arnold Schwarzenegger's head were built.
'Terminator' is not a man in suit flick, it's a Cyborg in a 'human skin' suit thriller killer.
Tom Woodruff sculpting the pelvis and the backbone of the endoskeleton of the T-800.
The finished endoskeleton was a team work of Tom woodruff, John Rosengrant, Shane Mahan and Brian Wade. 
These guys sculpted all the different pieces of the endoskeleton.
After his stint at SWS Tom Woodruff founded his own shop, 'Amalgamated Dynamics', together with his 
buddy Alec Gillis. You might take a look here: WOLF
The T-800 at an early stage. 
Stan Winston and his boys transferred the sketches of James Cameron first to miniatures, then full scale 
mock-ups sculpted in clay, to finalize details of the design. 
The different parts were then cast in fiberglass and assembled.
The Endoskeleton was built in scale and anatomically correct so that it could literally fit 
inside Arnold's massive body. Some extras here and there.
Full scale moving legs for an iconic figure.
Various techniques and tricks were employed to mobilize the full-size endoskeleton.
Poor Shane Mahan had the properly heavy upper part of the endoskeleton on his back for some waist-up shots of the Cyborg.
Stop-Motion was the technique for the T-800 walking shots with a 2-foot tall endoskeleton miniature, 
but this is another story.
A look in the eye of a killing machine.
Stan is airbrushing the head of the T-800 cyborg, giving it a cold, metallic look.
The T-800 Terminator - An unstoppable killer machine on a mission.
The endoskeleton puppet.
At the Winston facility. 
The T-800 endoskeleton puppet stands next to a mighty black suit.
The Winston boys developed this suit for the groovy Jean-Claude Lord B-Movie 'The Vindicator' (1986).
I'm desperately looking for photographic material and informations about this suit. Can you help?
Greeting the staff - 'T2' executive producer Mario Kassar at the Winston Shop. 
On the right, the massive Vindicator suit.
Meeting the Boss - Mario Kassar and Stan Winston. 
Mechanical wizard Richard Landon tries a 'paw' of the endoskeleton.
The 'T2' Special Make-Up FX are featured in an upcoming story.
From left to right: Richard Landon, Lenny Mac Donald, Stan Winston, David Miller and Shane Mahan.
Terminator was a huge boost for the careers of Stan and his phenomenal crew.
Sadly Stan Winston passed away in 2008.
See more of Stan and his boys on: